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4 Key Challenges To Better Waste Management

Waste Management

Waste ManagementWaste collection in Western Australia has continued its steady increase over the past few years. Despite this trend, the state still ranks behind other major states in waste collection. This highlights the need to implement changes if state authorities want things to improve by 2015.

In order to achieve the waste collection target, authorities need to address the key challenges preventing them from matching the waste collection performance of neighbouring states.

Challenges to Planning

One of the keys to a successful waste collection and management strategy is strategic planning. Authorities need to make sure that Western Australia does not run out of waste processing facilities. The State sees continuing economic and years, which means it needs to prepare to accommodate the need for more waste processing infrastructures, especially in the metropolitan regions.

Challenges to Communication and Awareness

The State has spent more than a decade of behaviour change to come up with a more sustainable approach to waste management. It has continually campaigned for reduced waste generation, increased waste recovery and reduced number of landfills. Data from 2008 to 2009 reveal that Western Australia topped the country in waste generation with 2.6 tonnes per capita. KwikSkips.com.au, a skip bin rental servicing, says this needs to improve in order to reduce the amount of waste dumped in landfills. The State needs to consistently communicate its plans to ensure all sectors – from the government, communities and industries – are aware of their roles.

Challenges to Regulations

Western Australia imposed the landfill licensing and classification system back in 1995 to improve waste management in the region. The system is responsible for ensuring that landfills consistently comply with the acceptance criteria. Right now, the regulatory framework for landfill operation needs to be reviewed to assess its new role – which is the implementation of the landfill levy.

Challenges to the Economy

Optimised and properly managed landfills perform the important role of collecting waste that cannot be recycled. Landfill operations are relatively cheaper compared to recycling plant operations, which mean they hinder the market growth of recycling facilities. In order to create a fair market competition, the cost of landfills would have to rise significantly.

Western Australia’s waste management efforts continue to receive significant support from individuals and organisations across the state, much of which are not reflected on official records and statistics. The State believes that giving these contributors the spotlight can help send a message to other concerned sectors to take part in the drive for better waste management in the future.

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Smarter Ways to Choose a Roof Colour

Roof Colour

Roof ColourChoosing the colour of the roof is often an overlooked aspect in exterior design. While you may already have a colour in mind, there are other things you need to consider to make sure you won’t regret your colour choice.

When it comes to roof replacements and restorations, you need to be careful with your choice of colour. You’ll be living with it for the next decades or so, and replacing it out of impulse (especially in cases you don’t like its look) isn’t going to be practical.

The guide below will help you choose the right colour for your roof:

The Architecture of Your Home

The aesthetic appeals of colours match specific architectural themes. For instance, pastel pink and cream are often attributed to Victorian architecture. The clean contrast of white and brown is usually seen on minimalistic Japanese structures. If your home has a cottage appeal, go for rustic colours that may evoke warmth and nostalgia, such as orange or barn red. Neutral shades work best on modern and contemporary designs.

The Power of Contrast

Many homeowners stay in the safe zone by choosing a single colour block. But, you can make your roof more interesting by creating contrast. If you don’t have an eye for colours that complement each other, peruse the palettes you see at home improvement centres or better yet, check the colour wheel.

The Weather

The prevailing weather will determine whether you will go for lighter colours or darker shades. Don’t use darker colours if it feels like the dog days will settle forever in your area; darker roof colours tend to absorb more heat, which in turn will make your home more humid.

The Neighbourhood

Resist the impulse to make your home stand out from the neighbourhood. While aesthetic tastes may differ among you and your neighbours, it’s important that your home’s roof colour complements the visual pull of the other houses around. Don’t make it look noticeably awkward.

When you’ve finally chosen the colour of the roof, test its appeal by looking at it under natural and artificial light. Consult a roofing specialist if you’re not sure of your choice.

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Entering a New Era: Preparing Yourself for Med School

Med School

Med SchoolEducation is one of the best things people can have. This is an exclusive ticket to a successful career in a particular profession and have a better life. The road may not be easy, but it will be worth the journey. Medicine is among the educational programs that many students take because of the great opportunity waiting ahead.

Respected educational institution Roseman University recently underscored the importance of having advanced medical education because of its impact to the wellness of society. Due to its difficulties, though, many aspirants are afraid to take the program. Medical courses should not be as hard as people think they are, though.

Manage Your Time Properly

Cramming may be common in undergraduate studies, but not in medical school. This program is not about memorizing terms and procedures; rather, it is about learning and understanding each concept. Map out a feasible study schedule and try to follow. This prevents you from chasing time in reading your books.

Do not spend your whole time studying. Allot some in your social life by going out and meeting new friends. Taking up medicine can be stressful that is why you need to find relievers and set a day to relax. The secret is proper time management. Remember that too much of everything is bad.

Create a Study Habit or Routine

The first thing you need to do when setting up your study schedule, is to focus. Remove all distractions such as your social media accounts. Do not rely on digital sources to avoid getting tempted in using your computer to procrastinate. Instead, make the library your haven. Be sure to bring notebook and pen.

Write what you read because it helps you remember concepts better. Several practitioners even suggest avoiding study groups. While brainstorming proves to be helpful at some point, study groups interrupt your focus as it creates the tendency to talk unrelated topics such as the latest TV shows.

Studying medicine is not about the numbers in your class card, but the knowledge you gain.

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Ectopic Pregnancy: On Causes, Risks and Treatments


PregnancyThe development process of foetus is fairly straightforward. The sperm cell fertilises the egg; once fertilised, it will travel to the uterus, attach itself to the uterus’s lining, and develop there for 9 months. But, in an ectopic pregnancy, the process becomes atypical. Instead of developing in the uterus, the fertilised egg attaches itself somewhere else, more commonly in the fallopian tube.

Ectopic pregnancies may cause damaging effects on the mother. For instance, an embryo developing in the fallopian tube can tear the organ apart, causing heavy internal bleeding. In some cases, the embryo may develop in the abdomen, cervix or ovaries.

Below are the important facts you need to know about ectopic pregnancy.

Causes and Risk Factors

Ectopic pregnancies are caused by many factors, some of which are conditions that may be inherent to the mother. Biological conditions, such as hormonal factors and genetic anomalies, are sometimes attributed to the condition. The effects of a previous medical condition or surgery, such as scarring and inflammation, may be another cause, as they may change the shape of the fallopian tubes and other parts of the reproductive system.

Women between the ages of 35 to 40 are at risk of ectopic pregnancy. Those who have undergone pelvic surgeries or abortions have higher chances of suffering from this condition.


Diagnoses are important to determine the condition of your pregnancy. Pregnant mums should visit clinics, such as TheWellSuite.co.uk, to spot any symptom and treat the disorder as soon as possible. As ectopic pregnancies may cause blood loss, the mother may suffer from a series of fainting nauseated sensations. Low blood pressure levels, pains in the abdomen, shoulders or pelvis are another obvious indication.

There are no ways to salvage an ectopic pregnancy; you cannot develop it into term. As a result, the embryo should be removed as soon as possible. Laparoscopy is a procedure that allows the surgeon to remove the embryo with minimal incisions. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the lower abdomen and inserts a long and thin camera that aids him in repairing internal damages. Doctors may recommend medication, such as methotrexate, which inhibits the growth the dividing cells of the embryo.

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Examples Of Pipe Failure Modes Occurring In Gray Cast Iron Pipes

Iron Pipe

Iron PipeMajority of the North American water systems use gray cast iron, which is why it comes as no surprise that it is one the materials most prone to failure. Cast iron water pipe failures prove to be more diverse and complex than what the industry currently understands. Large water utilities are expected to experience more than 300 water main breaks annually, with each failure causing water supply disruptions and possibly millions of dollars in infrastructure damage.

Failure Modes

To clarify, “Failure modes” is a term that pertains to the way in which cast iron pipes fail. Failure modes differ depending on the pipe’s diameter, as listed below:

Smaller pipes are characterized by:

• lower water pressure; and
• lower moments of inertia, a major factor that makes them more prone to longitudinal bending

Larger pipes on the other hand have:

• higher water pressure; and
• higher moments of inertia, which can result to bell shearing and longitudinal cracks

Circumferential Cracks

A common mode of failure for smaller diameter pipes, circumferential cracks result from bending forces exerted on the pipe. North American suppliers of steel tubing also cite soil movements as one of the factors that lead to circumferential cracking.

Longitudinal Cracks

Unlike circumferential cracks, longitudinal cracks seem exclusive to pipes with larger diameters. This failure mode can be caused by internal water pressure, as well as external crushing forces acting on the pipe.

Spiral Cracks

Spiral cracks appear to be the result of the combination of internal pressure and bending forces. This failure mode begins with cracks appearing in a circumferential fashion, which spreads toward the length of the pipe.

Blowout Holes

Corrosion pitting causes this pipe failure mode, which thins down the pipe wall. Internal water pressure finishes the job by blowing holes on the thinned portion of the pipe. These holes can grow larger if left unfixed.

Bell Shearing

Bending forces acting on a pipe typically causes bell shearing. Resulting cracks can extend toward the length of the pipe.

Cast iron failures are more complex than what the water industry appreciates. They are caused by a number of factors, both natural and man-made. Concerned industries have a difficult job ahead of them in terms of preventing and managing pipe failures. As experts continue to do more research on circumstances surrounding pipe failures, the best countermeasure for now would be regular maintenance inspections.

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How to Make Your Computers Running Faster and Better


computerSay you have a big company with several departments, and within these departments are employees that use computers. Day in and day out they input data, which are all coursed through the company’s main database. You can just imagine the amount of data being exchanged and stored not just in a day, but in a month or years.

It’s a lot. And with such amount of data being kept, it is no mystery that there will be times when the computer lags or worse, crashes. Much worse if the main database itself crash and comes to a full stop. What are you going to do?

Indeed, though computers have made things quite faster and easier, it has also become more complex and difficult to troubleshoot. Good thing that in moments like this, there are experts who will do the job. They are called DBA or database administrator. Typically, each company has one in their IT department, but there are also on-call DBA companies that will do the job easier and better.

These on-call DBA companies provide consultation, major troubleshooting and even designing. They can program the company’s database in such a way that will efficiently keep data and let the information flow working fast. They can also create security measures so the stored data wouldn’t be stolen or lost in the grid.

When exactly do you need a DBA?

Here are a few signs that you need to hire one. Your computer keeps popping up signs that say the storage is full. It takes ages to save or to process because the grid is busy or overwhelmed. The data being stored keep losing or huge amount of data has suddenly been lost. If your company computers are experiencing any of these, and your IT guys are not equipped to handle big network problems, it is best to consult a DBA.

There is another advantage in consulting an on-call DBA company. Unlike other service providers, they can provide affordable packages that will suit a company’s requirements. As the experts are outsourced, the service rendered will only be upon request or what exactly you need. Also some DBA companies offer hourly rates, which may prove to be cost effective in the long run.

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Early Detection: What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?

Breast Cancer

Breast CancerEvery woman wants to know everything about breast cancer. Early detection can save lives, so it is important to understand the signs and symptoms that can occur in the breast.

Take inspiration from famous celebrity Angelina Jolie who underwent a preventive double mastectomy to lower her chances of contracting cancer. She has the BRCA1 cancer gene, which makes her nearly 90 per cent at risk of developing breast cancer. Armed with the right information, Jolie felt she made the right decision and she is happy about it.

To make yourself as well informed, the first step you should take is to determine if you are at risk.

High Oestrogen Levels

You are likely to develop breast cancer if you are overweight or have liver problems. This is due to higher oestrogen levels in your body. It means being a woman is not the biggest risk factor. Though the majority of Singaporeans diagnosed with breast cancer are women, you will be surprised to know that men can have the disease, too. Research reveals there are nearly 57,000 breast cancer cases during 2008 to 2012, wherein 48.8 per cent were male.

Having Dense Breasts

You have probably looked at your breasts in the mirror, but you did not notice anything strange. A dense breast means there is more glandular tissue than fatty and supportive ones, which makes it harder for doctors to detect cancer. How your breasts feel during your doctor’s physical exam has nothing to do with breast density. Try digital mammography and be informed about your breast cancer risk. Premier woman-focused facility, Thomson Well Women Clinic, explains that a digital scan is the best option for women under 50 and those with dense breast tissue.

Working at Night

Medical experts claim that women who work night shifts for many years — nurses, factory workers or police officers — are at risk of breast cancer. Due to light exposure at night, your melatonin levels tend to stay low. Scientists think that darkness may increase melatonin production.

As there are several types of breast cancer, there are also different recommended treatments. It is best to seek the help of a doctor immediately, as the treatment for you depends on certain factors.

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Pipeline Maintenance: An Overview of Cathodic Protection

Pipeline Maintenance

Pipeline MaintenanceCorrosion is the number one enemy of any pipeline system, as many residential and commercial properties tend to spend more for its preservation and replacement. The deterioration of metal and its properties is usually due to its environment.

In most cases, metal corrosion depends on the metal’s grain structure, composition during alloying, and temperature of its surface during fabrication. As a result, many are looking for ways to keep their pipes in good condition. An example is cathodic protection.

What is a Cathodic Protection (CP) System?

Corrosionpedia and PipeMearscorrosion.com explain that cathodic protection for pipeline systems could extend the lifespan of pipes and other assets through an application of anti-corrosion coatings. These include a yellow jacket or dual-layer fusion-bonded epoxy.

What Makes CP Systems a Good Choice?

Many anti-corrosion treatments are available, but CP systems are lower in terms of capital and operational costs per kilometer. It offers better protection against different environmental conditions and has a simple installation set-up. Its anti-corrosion rate is more effective than others.

How do CP Systems Prevent Corrosion?

CP systems convert all anodic sites (active) on metal surfaces to cathodic sites (passive) by supplying free electrons or electrical currents from another source. Many also call it as a sacrificial system because it sacrifices galvanic anodes to protect the pipelines from corrosion.

What Are the Different Types of CP Systems?

1. Impressed – This works when you apply a small current using transformer-rectifiers. This converts alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) electricity, so you can lower the energy of the pipeline systems.

2. Sacrificial – This is similar to impressed, but works through the DC electricity generated from the galvanic difference of the pipes and anodes. It’s maintenance-free, but you need to replace the anodes frequently.

If you’re looking for ways to protect your pipelines, then a cathodic protection system is an ideal choice. You don’t have to spend more because you’re extending the lifespan of your pipes significantly.

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Where Old Cars go When They Die Out On You?

Old Cars

Old CarsOnce you have a new car, making a decision concerning our old ride can be tricky. Do you sell it? Chop it up? Or give it away? These are the usual questions car owners ask when their trusty vehicles reach the end of the road.

An aging car can be more problematic than it is useful. Here are common ways that owners dispose of old cars when they go beyond repair.

Selling it

Selling is usually the first option that pops up when getting rid of old cars. One of the most important aspects of selling used cars is full disclosure. While you still want to receive worth compensation, it is important not to get the short end of the stick or to oversell it just because of sentimental attachment. In addition, you may be holding onto a good car that mechanics or DIY restoration hobbyists may be looking for.

Chopping it

Selling is sometimes not an option, though. Depending on how well (or badly) your car is holding up through years of use, repairs or sale may be out of the question. Here is where car scrapping comes in. Millions of cars get sold every year and millions end up in junkyards as scrap.

Giving it

Another option that owners have when disposing of old cars is giving it away. Whether it is a young family member eager for a first car or a friend who likes to tinker under the hood, owners often simply give their used cars away instead of worrying themselves with costly, troublesome repairs.

Donating it

There is also the option to donate it. Rather than let it go to waste, why not let it go to charity? Institutions, such as Donate Car USA for instance, take vehicles in for charity programs. Each person may have an advocate of their own, and it is a nice thought that your old car can still serve a purpose that is beneficial for others.

There comes a point in time when no matter how hard you try, and how much money you spend on it, your old car simply will not perform well enough anymore. When that time comes, it is best to just let it go. Consider which of these options is the best for you when it is time to let go of old cars.

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What do Theaters have to do to get Recognition?


TheaterIt’s hard to be a fan of plays in the Philippines. Though there are plenty of local talents and shows available, there’s not enough demand to support them or help bring in international tours. Most fans are happy watching their favorite stars on YouTube, and saving enough money to spend on a play abroad.

Upgrading the Game

You may attribute the lack of interest to the limited knowledge regarding the history and creativity that the theater brings. This is something companies like Solaire are trying to rectify with their new state of the art theater. According to their website, the theater can hold more than a thousand spectators, and many consider it as one of the most engaging and creative venues in the country.

Creative sets are the lifeblood of a play, since they do much of the work transporting the audience into the story. The Solaire Theater is trying to walk the same path of creative freedom, but it can stand to learn from some of the best sets in history if it wants to push the quality of the industry forward. These historical examples changed the way people watched plays, as well as how producers designed sets.

A 360-degree View

There are two ways to make a real impact on an audience with a set; one way to make an impact is to engage the audience in ways that people thought were impossible on a normal stage. The 1970s A Midsummer Night’s Dream did exactly that when the producers introduced a play performed on a round stage. Audiences had an all-around view of the actors and the introduction of the props in changing scenes ranged from amusing to how-did-they-come-up-with-that.

Change the Field

The other is to completely alter the landscape of the stage and introduce elements that people rarely see in a performance – or indoors. The 2000 production of The Tempest let the world know this was possible since they managed to turn the stage into a lake. The edges of the stage were bordered with rocks and debris, completing the whole shipwreck look.

It’s always “go big or go home” when it comes to the stage, and these two things definitely went big. If entertainment centers like Solaire want to make their mark in this industry, they need to do something mind bending and raise the status of theater in the country.

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